Foreclosure is a legal process (in most states) that results in the lender regaining title to the property due to nonpayment by the borrower. When applicable, the court awards a deficiency judgment to the lender the amount of which is determined by the difference between what the house is eventually sold for (minus expenses) and the borrowerâ€™s mortgage balance. The foreclosure remains on the credit report for 7 years. The statute of limitations on the judgment varies from state to state and 20 years is not uncommon. New lending guidelines extend the wait period for a new mortgage to 5 years BUT the judgment would need to be satisfied before any mortgage financing is allowed.
The combination of the foreclosure and the open judgment is devastating to the borrowerâ€™s credit score.
Deed-In-Lieu of Foreclosure
The borrower must document economic hardship and an inability to pay. If there is equity in the property (the home is worth more than the balance due) and there are no other liens the lender may consider an exchange whereby the borrower surrenders the deed and is released of any obligation to the mortgage note.
If it reported as a foreclosure (lenderâ€™s digression) it will remain on the credit report for 7 years but there will not be an unpaid balance reported
If the lender is convinced that they cannot collect payment from the homeowner due to financial hardship they may accept a sale price of less than what is owed on the property. The price is normally discounted from a quick sale price in an effort of avoiding the costs and risks of the foreclosure process.
In some cases, usually where there are second liens involved, the borrower may still be obligated for an amount owed but the loan would be unsecured.
There are various ways for the lender to report the short sale, the most common of which are â€œsatisfied mortgageâ€ or â€œpaid settlementâ€. As a satisfied mortgage the only damage to the credit score is due to any late payments prior to the sale. A settled account is more damaging as it reflects it was not paid as agreed but, in both cases the damage pales in camparison to a foreclosure and deficiency judgment. How the lender is going to report the short sale is rarely, if ever, a negotiable item.
New mortgage lending guidelines require a 2 year wait after a preforeclosure sale.
Bankruptcy involves a settlement of debts through a variety of means. Bankruptcy is severely damaging to a credit score and remains on the credit report for 10 years. Because there are no judgments involved the borrower may generally be eligible for new mortgage financing in as little as 2 years from the date of discharge.
Daniel Poulos is the president of Elite Lending with offices in Jupiter and Port St Lucie, Florida and Brevard, North Carolina. He has been proudly serving the mortgage needs of the community for nearly 20 years. Elite Lending is a market leader in residential and commercial mortgages with a customer service philosophy that “Only WOW Is Good Enough”.
Daniel’s regular columns on “Minding Your Mortgage” appear in many local publications and he has been interviewed on Channel 25 News on a number of occasions. He also conducts a well-received seminar series at the Jupiter location. A crusader for full disclosure and truth-in-advertising, his marketing campaigns have earned him first place in 2 of the last 3 years at the national Turn On Your Million Dollar Brain conference of industry leaders. Daniel resides in Northern Palm Beach with his wife Kimberly and daughter Sophia.